Are you running a team based on legacy metrics? Are you accountable for running a portfolio? Are you using dated or antiquated numbers to drive strategic value? I’m going to provide some insights to help you step out of that rut.
Hi, I’m Peter Nichol, Data Science CIO.
One of the biggest challenges we experience as we’re trying to optimize our portfolio is to lock down what executives really care about. What metrics do leaders want? What metrics are needed but aren’t directly asked for today? I’m here to share my insights on this topic.
Throw out your old metrics
What do leaders not care about? The cost, the time, and the effort. They aren’t concerned with the effort it takes to run an initiative. Why? Because those metrics no longer provide strategic benefits that link to strategic value. As a result, a shift in portfolio metrics is occurring.
Leaders don’t want old metrics. They demand more insightful metrics focused on new areas. Here are the questions that executives who focus on value are asking:
- How do I maximize strategic intent?
- Where is our culture headed?
- What measures can we use to evaluate organizational awareness of our transformation initiatives?
- How do we balance risk within the portfolio?
As companies pivot away from stale metrics, they’re turning toward the triple bottom line. This approach concentrates energy around people, purpose, and the planet. These concepts are top of mind as executives look for innovative methods to operationalize new concepts into their business models.
We observe this new trend emerging in many large corporations. Ben and Jerry’s is probably one of the most prominent, but you see this in Cascade Engineering, and we even see this trend taking hold within Patagonia Works. Each of these companies focuses on measures that are broader than bottom-line financial gains. They’re no longer focused on the time it takes to complete a project or the total cost involved. This pattern of interest has created a new shift in how value is measured.
We’re shifting toward value management and value optimization.
Measure what matters
What does this mean for portfolio executives championing large transformative initiatives? First, we, too, need to shift. We must change how we frame existing problems and look to new measures as we evaluate future opportunities and past portfolio performance.
Stop measuring your total active number of projects. Stop counting how many projects were completed this quarter. No one cares.
Start by measuring what’s important. Here are a few ideas to help you start down this value measure path.
- Measure the strategic impact.
- Measure how team norms enable the departmental vision.
- Measure where strategic partnerships are accelerating your capabilities.
- Measure how initiatives tie to strategic intent.
Useful but dated portfolio metrics
The metrics below add value. However, they focus primarily on legacy concepts.
- Average cost per contractor category
- Average $ spent by an employee
- % of operational budget change (quarter-over-quarter)
- $ change of operational budget (quarter-over-quarter)
- % spend on new IT projects vs. carry-over projects
- % of contractors dedicated to non-project work
- $ spent on contractors working on non-project work
- % of budget dedicated to strategic priorities
- % of managers over total staff
- Ratio of managers to staff
- Average months of contractor engagements
- Average costs per change control
- Number of change controls by period
- % of spend against strategic investments
- $ spent on strategic investments
- $ spent per employee against total departmental budget
- Average feature-to-cycle time
- # of releases per month
- # of defects per release
- # of priority shifts monthly
- Average velocity of the team
- % of stories planned vs. accepted
- % of automated tests executed per release
- # hours of backlog work estimated
- # of PI objectives satisfied
- $ of average initiative funded
- % of capital invested
Modern portfolio metrics
These modern metrics help executives capture, quantify, and communicate business value:
- % of initiatives with 95% confidence for the delivery
- % of initiatives aligned with strategic objectives
- # of applications not covered by third-party providers
- # and duration of unplanned outages
- Average age of open issues or defects
- Average hours worked weekly by the team
- % of project-management time spent per initiative
- $ of cumulative value generated over last 30 days
- % of effort spent on run activities
- % of assigned vs. unassigned roles by initiative
- # of resources working overtime (more than three weeks in succession)
- Ratio of contractors to employees
- Ratio of headcount to total spend
- Ratio of CapEx to OpEx investments
- % shift from CapEx to OpEx over the last quarter
- % of contractor turnover
- Average completion time for initiatives
- Average contractor cost
- Average value realized by initiative
- # of active initiatives
- % hours by strategic priority
- $ of cost avoided from efficiency improvements
- # of initiatives where IT played a leadership role
- # of experimental initiatives in-flight exploring emerging tech
- Total cost of ownership by business application
- Ratio of running the business
- Ratio of growing the business
- Ratio of transforming the business
- Average business partner satisfaction score
- % of projects properly resourced at project start
- % of terminated projects
- % filled roles in the future-state target operating model
- % solutions supported by existing architecture, technology, and components
Strategic decision-making metrics
Take the windows of opportunity that have previously gone untapped and understand how tactical goals can drive operational gains. This is where you’ll experience value maximization.
We know the metrics that don’t work. I’ll offer three examples of metrics that do work.
- % of initiatives in the run phase
- % of extra-large initiatives
- % of new intakes over the period (month, quarter, or annually)
First is the percentage of projects that are in the run phase. This means these projects are just keeping the lights on not growing the business. They’re genuinely operational, and this highlights which initiatives are not moving your business forward.
Second is the percentage of projects, products, or extra-large interactions—whatever that means for your business. Depending on the size of your organization, extra-large could mean over $100MM or over $1MM if you’re a medium-sized company. However, if you’re a smaller organization, maybe extra-large is any work effect over $50k. The focus on the percentage of extra-large projects helps us understand how strategically aligned our initiatives are with achieving our future capabilities. It also helps define how we anticipate solving our operational challenges to support more strategic organizational change initiatives.
Third is the percentage of new intakes. This metric is defined as requests received over the previous quarter’s requests as a percentage. These metrics provide a good measure of how effectively the organization is meeting new organizational demands for further work. In addition, this measure evaluates how our growth is matched to capacity. In short, it answers the question of whether or not we need to ramp up to meet new organizational demands.
Hopefully, you’ve gained additional perspectives and insights on how to measure your portfolio more effectively. Encourage legacy leaders to let go of old metrics that don’t drive strategic conversations. Be a leader for your organization and identify new metrics to drive world-class portfolio value realization.
If you found this article helpful, that’s great! Check out my books, Think Lead Disrupt and Leading with Value. They were published in early in 2021 and are available on Amazon and at http://www.datsciencecio.com/shop for author-signed copies!
Hi, I’m Peter Nichol, Data Science CIO. Have a great day!